Cairns – Queensland
Cairns (/ˈkɛərnz/, locally /ˈkænz/ is a city in Queensland, Australia, on the east coast of Far North Queensland. The city is the 5th-most-populous in Queensland and 14th in Australia.
Cairns was founded in 1876 and named after Sir William Wellington Cairns, the Governor of Queensland from 1875 to 1877. It was formed to serve miners heading for the Hodgkinson River goldfield but declined when an easier route was discovered from Port Douglas. It later developed into a railhead and major port for exporting sugar cane, gold, minerals, and agricultural products from surrounding coastal areas and the Atherton Tableland.
The population in June 2019 was 153,951, having grown on average 1.02% annually over the preceding five years. Cairns is a popular tourist destination because of its tropical climate and access to tropical rainforest and the Great Barrier Reef, one of the seven natural wonders of the world.
|Visa requirements||Unless you are an Australian or New Zealand citizen, you will need a valid Australian visa to enter the country. New Zealand passport holders can apply for a visa upon arrival in the country. All other passport holders must apply for a visa before leaving home. You can apply for a range of visas, including tourist visas and working holiday visas, at your nearest Australian Embassy or Consulate. You can also apply for certain types of visas on the Australian Department of Home Affairs website.|
|Currency used||Australian Dollar|
|Area (km2)||1,687 km²|